Dicembre 2022

PubAIV 2022
(aggiornamento di Dicembre 2022)

1) Magmi e sistemi di alimentazione (1 articolo) 
2) Dinamiche eruttive e di messa in posto (0 articoli)
3) Geologia e struttura dei vulcani (0 articoli)
4) Monitoraggio, pericolosità e rischio vulcanico (1 articolo)

Tematica 1: Magmi e sistemi di alimentazione
Petrone C.M, Mollo S., Gertisser R., Buret Y., Scarlato P., Del Bello E., Andronico D., Ellis B., Pontesilli A., De Astis G., Giacomoni P.P., Coltorti M., Reagan M. (2022)
Magma recharge and mush rejuvenation drive paroxysmal activity at Stromboli volcano.
Nature Communications (2022) 13:7717
Data di pubblicazione: 13/12/2022
PubAIV-ID-00093 - Articolo in Rivista (open access)

Open-conduit basaltic volcanoes can be characterised by sudden large explosive events (paroxysms) that interrupt normal effusive and mild explosive activity. In June-August 2019, one major explosion and two paroxysms occurred at Stromboli volcano (Italy) within only 64 days. Here, via a multi- faceted approach using clinopyroxene, we show arrival of mafic recharges up to a few days before the onset of these events and their effects on the eruption pattern at Stromboli, as a prime example of a persistently active, open-conduit basaltic volcano. Our data indicate a rejuvenated Stromboli plumbing system where the extant crystal mush is efficiently permeated by recharge magmas with minimum remobilisation promoting a direct linkage between the deeper and the shallow reservoirs that sustains the currently observed larger variability of eruptive behaviour. Our approach provides vital insights into magma dynamics and their effects on monitoring signals demonstrating the power of petrological studies in interpreting patterns of surficial activity.
Tematica 2: Dinamiche eruttive e di messa in posto
Tematica 3: Geologia e struttura dei vulcani
Tematica 4: Monitoraggio, pericolosità e rischio vulcanico
Morelli R. S., Gheri D., Campus P., Coppola D., Marchetti E. (2022)
Long range infrasound monitoring of Yasur volcano.
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Volume 432, December 2022, 107707
Data di pubblicazione: 03/11/2022
PubAIV-ID-00092 - Articolo in Rivista (non-open access)

The atmospheric injection of gas and material produced by an explosive volcanic eruption determines a rapid compression of the atmosphere, which subsequently propagates as longitudinal elastic waves (sound). The size of the source, generally greater than tens of meters, and its duration, longer than a few seconds, result into an emitted signal that is particularly rich in low frequencies (f 100 km) is efficient in recording and characterizing volcanic events. For the purpose of our study, infrasound signal radiated from Yasur volcano (Tanna Island, Vanuatu) was studied for a period of twelve years (January 2008 – December 2019). Signals from Yasur were registered at a source-to-receiver distance of 400 km by the IS22 infrasound array, located in New Caledonia, part of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) International Monitoring System (IMS). The predominantly explosive Strombolian activity of this volcano makes it a perfect subject to be studied by infrasound technology. Detections of volcanic infrasound are modulated according to the seasonal variation of stratospheric winds and corrected for attenuation accounting for real atmospheric specification between the source and the receiver to retrieve the pressure at the source. Next, they are used to evaluate long-term (yearly) and short term (hourly) variations of activity over the period of analysis. Results are compared with thermal anomalies recorded by the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) installed on NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites.

We show that even at regional distances (400 km) it is possible to follow the long term (yearly) fluctuations of ordinary explosive activity during periods of optimal propagation of infrasonic waves in the atmosphere. In addition, we show that the time resolution retrieved from the signal analysis allows to follow variations of volcanic activity at hourly time scale, thus representing a valuable source of information, in particular in areas where local geophysical observations are missing.
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